Category Records

The World's Largest Deserts
Records

The World's Largest Deserts

A map showing the generalized location of Earth's ten largest deserts and a table of over 20 major deserts. World desert map: This map shows the generalized location of Earth's ten largest deserts on the basis of surface area. The table at the bottom of this page provides the names, generalized locations, and surface areas of over twenty major deserts.

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World's Tallest Geyser

Steamboat Geyser has produced several eruptions of between 300 and 400 feet in height. Steamboat Geyser: Photograph of Steamboat Geyser of Yellowstone National Park erupting in 1961. Photo by E. Mackin, National Park Service. Related: What is a Geyser? Which Geyser is the World's Tallest? Steamboat Geyser in the Norris Geyser Basin of Yellowstone National Park has produced several eruptions between 300 and 400 feet in height.
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Which Volcano is the World's Largest?

Three volcanoes share this title. Tamu Massif is the most massive. Mauna Kea is the tallest. Ojos del Salado is the highest. Map of World's Largest Volcanoes: This map shows the locations of the world's largest volcanoes. Tamu Massif on the Shatsky Rise in the northwest Pacific Ocean has the greatest mass and the largest footprint.
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World's Tallest Tsunami

A tsunami with a record run-up height of 1720 feet occurred in Lituya Bay, Alaska On the night of July 9, 1958, an earthquake along the Fairweather Fault in the Alaska Panhandle loosened about 40 million cubic yards (30.6 million cubic meters) of rock high above the northeastern shore of Lituya Bay. This mass of rock plunged from an altitude of approximately 3000 feet (914 meters) down into the waters of Gilbert Inlet (see map below).
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Largest Landslides in the World

Heart Mountain: Largest subaerial landslide Storegga: Largest submarine landslide Cross-section of the Heart Mountain Landslide. In this slide a 400-square-mile slab of Madison Limestone was detached, started to slide and broke into dozens of smaller pieces. Some of these pieces moved over 30 miles during the slide.
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World's Largest Recorded Earthquake

9.5 Magnitude - May 22, 1960 near Valdivia, Chile World's largest earthquake - tsunami map: The Chilean earthquake produced a powerful tsunami that traveled at a speed of about 200 miles per hour across the Pacific Ocean. The wave killed 61 people in Hawaii, 138 in Japan, and 32 in the Philippines. The star marks the location of the epicenter, and the numbers on the contour lines are travel times in hours for the wave front.
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Highest Mountain in the World

Depending upon how you define "highest mountain," Mount Everest has some rivals! Highest Altitude: An altitude of 8,850 meters (29,035 feet) above sea level makes Mount Everest the mountain on Earth with the highest altitude. "Highest altitude" means that it has the highest elevation above mean sea level.
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The World's Largest Deserts

A map showing the generalized location of Earth's ten largest deserts and a table of over 20 major deserts. World desert map: This map shows the generalized location of Earth's ten largest deserts on the basis of surface area. The table at the bottom of this page provides the names, generalized locations, and surface areas of over twenty major deserts.
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Records

Highest Waterfall in the World

& Tallest Waterfall in the United States Angel Falls: A view of Angel Falls from a location near the base. This image by Tomaszp is used here under a Creative Commons license. World's Highest Waterfall Angel Falls (Salto Ángel) in Venezuela is the highest waterfall in the world. The falls are 3230 feet in height, with an uninterrupted drop of 2647 feet.
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Highest Mountain On Each Continent

Highest Mountain in Africa: Mount Kilimanjaro Wildebeest roam the African Savannah in the shadow of Mount Kilimanjaro. Mount Kilimanjaro is the highest mountain on the African continent. Its summit is 19,340 feet (5,895 meters) above sea level. It is located in Tanzania. Image of Mount Kilimanjaro copyright iStockphoto / Dan Kite.
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Hoba: The World's Largest Meteorite

Hoba Meteorite - world's largest: Photograph of the Hoba Meteorite taken by Giraud Patrick on August 13, 2006. Hoba weighs about 66 tons and is nine feet long by nine feet wide by three feet thick. Image used under a GNU Free Documentation license. Discovered by a Farmer Plowing His Field In 1920, a farmer was plowing a field near Grootfontein, Namibia when his plow suddenly screeched to a halt.
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Records

Land Below Sea Level

By David K. Lynch, Thule Scientific The Dead Sea is located in a deep valley at the transform boundary between the African and Arabia Plates (shown as a black line on the map above). At over 400 meters below sea level, it is the land area with the lowest elevation. The motions of the African and Arabian Plates, combined with the motion of shear-zone faulting has resulted in the formation of the deep Dead Sea Depression.
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Records

Deepest Part of the Ocean

The Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench is the deepest known location in Earth's oceans. Mariana Trench map: Map showing the geographic location of the Mariana Trench in the Pacific Ocean. Image from the CIA Factbook. Measuring the Greatest Ocean Depth The Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench is the deepest known point in Earth's oceans.
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First Trip to the Deepest Part of the Ocean

The Bathyscaphe Trieste carried two hydronauts to the Challenger Deep in 1960 Bathyscaphe Trieste: The Bathyscaphe Trieste lifted out of the water, circa 1958-59. U.S. Naval Historical Center Photograph. On January 23, 1960, Jacques Piccard and Don Walsh boarded the Bathyscaphe Trieste sea vessel and descended to the deepest part of the ocean: The Challenger Deep in the Mariana Trench.
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Deepest Lake in the World

& Deepest Lake in the United States Satellite Image of Lake Baikal: Image by using NASA Landsat data. The World's Deepest Lake Lake Baikal in southern Russia is the world's deepest lake. It is an estimated 5,387 feet deep (1,642 meters), and its bottom is approximately 3,893 feet (1,187 meters) below sea level.
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Vredefort Impact Crater

The largest impact structure with visible evidence on Earth's surface. Article by: Hobart M. King, Ph.D., RPG Vredefort Crater cross-section: This cross-section shows the structure of the Vredefort Impact Crater at a time shortly after it was formed. The rocks of the Witwatersrand Basin, Ventersdorp Lava, Ghaap Dolomite, and Pretoria Subgroup were originally deposited in a nearly horizontal position but were folded and deformed by the impact.
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Largest Lake in the World

& Largest Lake in the United States Caspian Sea map: Map of the Caspian Sea - World's largest landlocked water body (by surface area). Image by CIA. Which Lake is the World's Largest? There are a few different ways to define the world's largest lake. Are you interested in the lake with the largest surface area?
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