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Handbook of Rocks, Minerals and Gemstones


A pocket-size handbook that explains rock, mineral and gem identification along with a huge reference section with hundreds of specimen photographs. Great for the beginner or experienced person. A 5" x 7 1/2" paperback with 381 pages.

Handbook of Rocks, Minerals and GemstonesTable of Contents

General introduction8
MINERALS10
THE SCIENCE OF MINERALS11
The history of the mineral sciences11
The origins and structure of minerals12
Properties of minerals20
Classification of minerals32
ROCK-FORMING MINERALS35
Minerals of igneous rocks35
Quartz 36, feldspars 40, feldspathoids 42, micas 46, pyroxenes 48, amphiboles 52, olivine 52, apatite 54, fluorite 54, rutile 56, zeolites 58
Minerals of sedimentary rocks62
Clay minerals 62, saline minerals 62, carbonate minerals 70, celestine 74, barite 74
Minerals of metamorphic rocks76
Andalusite 76, sillimanite 76, staurolite 78, kyanite 78, garnet 80, zoisite 82, epidote 82, chlorite 84, talc 84, actinolite 86, serpentine 88, graphite 88, cordierite 90, wollastonite 92
ORE-FORMING MINERALS95
Ore deposits96
Minerals of precious metal ores100
Minerals of ferrous metal ores104
Ore minerals of iron 104, manganese 108, molybdenum 112, nickel 114, tungsten 116, chromium 116, cobalt 118, vanadium 120, titanium 122, tantalum 122
Minerals of the non-ferrous metal ores124
Ore minerals of copper 124, lead 128, zinc 132, tin 134, bismuth 136, mercury 138, arsenic 140, antimony 144, raw material of light metals 148, radioactive minerals 150, sulphur-bearing minerals 152
MINERALS AS GEMSTONES157
Diamond 162, corundum 162, beryl 164, spinel 166, topaz 166, zircon 166, tourmaline 168, jadeite 168, tanzanite 170, amazonite 170, rhodonite 172, lapis lazuli 172, turquoise 172, malachite 172, amethyst 174, rose quartz 174, tiger's eye 176, chalcedony 178, opal 180, azurite 182, dioptase 182, coral 184, amber 184, pearls 184
ROCKS186
INTRODUCTION TO PETROLOGY187
IGNEOUS ROCKS190
Plutonic Rocks195
Families of quartzolites 198, granites 200, syenites 216, diorites / gabbros 220, peridotites 224
Volcanic Rocks228
Pyroclastic rocks 232, rock glasses 236, Families of rhyolites 240, trachytes 242, andesites / basalts 244, picrites 252
Dyke rocks256
SEDIMENTARY ROCKS260
Clastic sedimentary rocks264
Families of psephites 266, psammites 272, pelites 276
Chemical-biogenic sedimentary rocks280
Families of calcareous rocks 280, siliceous rocks 292, phosphatic rocks 294, ferriferous rocks 294, saline rocks 296, residual rocks 300, carbonaceous rocks 300
METAMORPHIC ROCKS304
Families of gneisses 308, schists 312, felses 318
METEORITES330
STONES FROM OUTER SPACE331
Impact rocks 331, iron meteorites 332, stony meteorites, stony-iron meteorites 332, tektites 334, fulgurites 334
APPENDIX336
Hints for collectors336
Table of chemical elements337
Selection of British Standard and ASTM regulations on natural stone338
Geological column339
Bibliography340
Mineral determinative tables342
Aids to the identification of rocks366
Index371